2015考研英语,四级写作高分秘诀

日期:2019-11-24编辑作者:学历查询

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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都以讲求考生就某种现实处境或意见公布自己的理念,内容多是考生所熟谙的社会火爆话题或大学子生活主题素材。写好四级作文有三个关键点:第后生可畏,依据加泰罗尼亚语的抒发习于旧贯来配置撰写结构;第二,用本身深谙的英语词汇、句式和句型准确地写出团结的见解和观念。因而,老师将依照承上启下的协会布局,为我们详细介绍一下作文中常用的重中之重涉及词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供可行的素材。

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  (一)起

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大大学陆陆续续开端,超级多过初试的考生已经开始了紧张的复试希图,让大家最棒顾忌的是法语复试的备考。能否获得最终的打响,英文复试是八个关键。

  观点(现象性):

  自小编吹牛还足以提前背大器晚成背,可即便抽到一个率性的话题让我们开展陈说的话,就能够有显明的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍两种张开话题的点子,希望我们能够使用上,使自身的出口表达更为的鲜明流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some argue that…, while others believe that…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

  因果法是用来解释“为何”的标题。大家得以依靠二个结出去演绎其原因,要以事实和证据为依据,前后经过要合乎逻辑和规律。比如:“你干什么考研”?Why do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from, lead to, so... as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(民间语或名言). A case in point is that…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

  定义法能够用来阐述“是哪些”的标题,即用大器晚成段话来讲解表达某些抽象的定义或具体事物的习性、特征、用项、原理等。比方:What is honesty? 我们可以用如下格局来张开解说:Honesty means telling the truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with nowadays is …

  常用关联词汇: what is..., to be defined as, the definition of ... is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

  例证是为了证实主旨而存在的。当主旨为理论性或概述的论点时,就供给经过举个例子或例证来加以扶助,以说服听者,同期要留意逻辑严刻。举个例子:In many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on 电视机 or radio.

  (二)承

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore, besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 涉及词语或入眼词汇:

  总的来说,考研复试时,拿到标题后应即时审题,积极思忖,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,那样会使您的演讲更具逻辑性。打开的章程正是运用因果法、定义法、例证法等。其余注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神调换,牢牢地抓住对方的集中力。在复试前的关键时代,大家自然要多练习与人沟通的力量。祝大家报考博士复试顺遂,超常发挥,顺遂步向本人心仪的学府!

  递进:

  起点:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover, furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not least

  举例:

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate, for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good case in point

  因果:

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to, based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a consequence

  分类:

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups, consist of

  2. 句型及常用表明结构:

  举例:

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

  Just take …as an example。

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be sufficient。

  因果:

  There are several reasons for…

  The reason why …can be traced to…

  The causes for …are as follows…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following conclusion…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …, thirdly,…

  …also contribute to the reason why…

  分类:

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

  …may be divided into…

  (三)转

  转折:

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless, unfortunately

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

  对比:

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly, similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

  There are some similarities/differences between…

  We can compare …with …

  …has something in common with…

  By contrasting …and…

  …has little common with…

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true that…

  (四)合

  1. 提到词汇或根本词汇:

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly speaking

  2. 句型及常用表明结构:

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to stop/prevent…

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we will have a brighter future of…

  以上那个语汇、短语和句型对于考生来讲都以分外实用的写作素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在质量评定中能够运用熟习。

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